Catholic Church In Korea

 103 Korean Martyr Saints

 

베르뇌 시므온 Simeon Berneux

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Simeon Berneux



Saint Simeon Francois Berneux, Bishop (1814-1866)

   Bishop Berneux was born on May 14, 1814 in Mans, France. He came from an ordinary family. His mother was a very devout woman, and gave Simeon a good Christian education. When he was ten years old, he told his mother that he wanted to become a priest.

   There were many obstacles in the way of his desire. His father was lukewarm, and his family was poor. Finally his father gave his consent and his parish priest helped him go to school. Young Berneux studied very well. He continued his studies in Mans.

   In 1831, he entered the major seminary in Mans. A year after he began his studies, he fell ill. His bishop found him a job as a family tutor for two years. Later he returned to the seminary. He taught philosophy before he finally was ordained a priest on May 30, 1837. After his ordination he continued at the seminary as a professor and a spiritual director.

   On July 15, 1839, Father Berneux joined the Paris Foreign Mission Society. He wanted to go to Korea which had been hard-hit by persecutions, and he left Paris on January 15, 1840.

   He met Bishop Retord in Manila, who wanted to take him to Tonkin, China. They were separated on the way, and Father Berneux worked in Indochina. He was captured by persecutors and severely beaten. He was sentenced to death but was released through the intercession of a French admiral. Then he went to Singapore and on to Macao. He worked in China so hard that he fell ill many times. On August 5, 1854, Father Berneux was appointed by Pope Pius IX as the fourth Vicar Apostolic of Korea, succeeding Bishop Ferreol.

   Bishop Berneux was very happy to go to Korea, "a wonderful country of martyrs", as he exclaimed. Bishop Berneux together with Fathers Charles Antoine Pourthie and Michel Alexandre Petitnicolas waited for about two months. At last they were successful in obtaining passage on a boat owned by a Korean Catholic, and four days later they were safely in Seoul.

   The tireless Bishop Berneux immediately started his pastoral work. He built a seminary in Baeron to educate future priests. He also started publishing Catholic books. He named Father Antoine Daveluy a coadjutor bishop. He was a kind and merciful father as well as a great leader. The number of the Catholics increased tremendously.

   Bishop Berneux was arrested and sent to prison on February 23, 1866. Fathers Dorie, Beaulieu and De Bretenieres were also arrested and put in the same prison with Bishop Berneux. After severe tortures they were sentenced to death on March 6, 1866. The next day they were beheaded at Saenamteo. They were happy to die for the faith in this country. It has been said that Bishop Berneux had a mysterious smile on his face when he died. He was 52 years old.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort
Notice Stories of the Lives of the 103 Korean Martyr Saints 291922
89 이윤일 요한 Ioannes Yi Yun-il 52878
88 김아기 아가타 Agatha Kim A-gi 52288
87 권득인 베드로 Petrus Kwon Tug-in 51729
86 다블뤼 안토니오 Antonius Daveluy 51326
85 권진이 아가타 Agatha Kwon Chin-i 51313
84 최형 베드로 Petrus Choe Hyong 51140
83 최창흡 베드로 Petrus Choe Chang-hub 51056
82 홍병주 베드로 Petrus Hong Pyong-ju 50038
81 김대건 안드레아 Andreas Kim Tae-gon 49263
80 김제준 이냐시오 Ignatius Kim Che-jun 45288
79 이광헌 아우구스티노 Augustinus Yi Kwang-hon 45072
78 한재권 요셉 Ioseph Han Chae-kwon 42743
77 위앵 루카 Lucas Huin 42416
76 정문호 바르톨로메오 Bartholomeus Chong Mun-ho 42347
75 정국보 프로타시오 Protasius Chong Kuk-bo 42026



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