CBCK Newsletter

 CBCK Newsletter

 

NEWS LETTER No.106 SPRING 2019

CONTENTS
_ From the Editor:
_ 2019 Spring General Assembly of the CBCK
_ Message for Overseas Aid Sunday 2019
_ Message for the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 2019
_ Message of World Day for Consecrated Life 2019(Summary)
_ Homily of the President of the CBCK (Summary)
_ Message on the Centenary of the March 1st Independence Movement
_ The Lives of 124 Blessed Martyrs of Korea



From the Editor:


Rejoice Always


Today, Korean society appears to be in turmoil. It faces political, economic, social, and environmental challenges. On top of these challenges, Korea still has a long way to go before it builds a stable peace on the peninsula through communication and cooperation. However, even in the midst of theses difficulties, spring has arrived. This spring, I hope and pray that the frozen hearts of our people are melted and filled with peace and joy.


“Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing. In all circumstances give thanks, for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus” (1Thes 5,16-18). All of Christ’s faithful, whatever the circumstances of their lives, are obliged to live lives filled with joy as they spread the Good News.


There is a Korean proverb: “the interpretation of one’s dream is more important than the dream itself.” This means that one’s understanding of a dream is what makes it either good or bad. Whatever our situations may be, it is important to maintain a positive attitude towards them. In fact, reading the reality in which we find ourselves is more important than interpreting one’s wishful dreams. It is crucial to read and understand the signs of the times with clarity.


A life of faith, starting with the Sacrament of Baptism, does not guarantee protection from life’s adversities and difficulties such as incurable illnesses. Regardless of our faith, it often seems that the reality of our lives remains the same. Life remains tough and our desires continue unfulfilled. Most people wish to change the circumstances of their lives; however, we, the faithful, need to seek insight into our own reality.


St. Paul confessed that he felt an excruciating pain like a thorn in his flesh. Yet he later realized that his thorny pain was indeed a channel for divine grace. It was this very suffering which kept him from being overly elated, so making him humble (cf. 2Cor 12,7-10). Transformation took place not in St. Paul’s physical condition but in his mental attitude. Although there was no improvement in the reality of his physical pain, his outlook on that pain was transformed. Consequently, such a new perception allowed him to see things in a positive manner.


Therefore, our point of view rather than reality itself demands change first. With such a new vision, eventually a new reality may also emerge. That is the power of faith. In this way, we are able to rejoice and appreciate every moment of our lives: “Rejoice in the Lord always” (Phil 4,4).

Fr. Thomas Aquinas Kim Joon Chul
Secretary General of the CBCK





2019 Spring General Assembly of the CBCK


“Invite the poor” (Lk 14,13)


Beloved brothers and sisters of Jesus Christ,


“Fathers and mothers in their 80’s are taking care of their sons and daughters over 40 years old. …… Poverty of the elderly is closely linked with that of the young.” This was the recent headline of a newspaper article in South Korea which highlights the difficulties faced by those living in today’s society. We face the challenges posed by the vicious cycle of poverty: elderly poverty, an emerging social issue, is accelerated by poverty among young people who fail to find jobs and who are still financially dependent on their parents. It is difficult to believe that Korea ranks top for elderly poverty rates amongst all OECD member countries while ranking as the twelfth largest economy in the world! On the occasion of this Caritas Sunday, we should reconsider the meaning of charity.


Pope Francis’ message for the First World Day of the Poor 2017 began with the words of St. John the Apostle: “Let us love not in word or speech but in deed and truth” (1Jn 3,18). Pope Francis always shows special affections for the poor. Furthermore he says, “Not to share one’s wealth with the poor is to steal from them and to take away their livelihood. It is not our own goods which we hold, but theirs” (Evangelii Gaudium, n.57). The Holy Father’s sayings remind us of Jesus in His infinite mercy. Jesus said, “Rather, when you hold a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind” (Lk 14,13). We should welcome the poor. They cannot reward us for the mercy we show them but we will be rewarded by God. As we do so, we will find the way towards true happiness.


So far, we have considered charity as merely giving goods to the poor. The Church has often provided emergency aid without taking into serious consideration the causes of such poverty and ways to alleviate it. However, Pope Francis asks us to take a further step towards rooting out the social ills (structural evil) that lead to poverty (cf. Evangelii Gaudium, n.202). Neo-liberal capitalism has deified and absolutized the market to the extent of causing social exclusion, social imbalance and income inequality, thus causing more poverty (cf. ibid, n.56). As long as we fail to radically resolve the problems of the poor by fighting against the structural causes of inequality, no solution will be found for the world’s problems or, for that matter, to any problem (cf. ibid, n.202).


The first step of charity is ‘sympathy’ and ‘sharing’. Jesus came into this world in human flesh like our own, or rather He allowed Himself to be numbered among sinners. Jesus loved us so much that He called us His brothers and sisters. Since all of us serve one God, the heavenly Father, we are all true brothers and sisters. As Jesus identified Himself with the “least” (Mt 25,40), we too should consider the “least” as our brothers and sisters and be with them. Pope Francis sent a donation for Yemeni refugees to the diocese of Cheju in July this year and asked all the faithful to more generously welcome the refugees as our brothers and sisters as we face this new social and geographical reality.


We should make God’s love incarnate in our lives of caritas and move beyond mere helping. The pastoral proposal of the Church prepared, last year, on the occasion of the first World Day of the Poor remains in effect this year. Let us ‘go out to meet the poor and invite and accompany them into our community’. Let us “offer the poor useful tools for a greater involvement in both ecclesial and social life” (cf. Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelization, Pastoral Aid for the World Day of the Poor 2017 Love not in Word but in Deed). Let us practice charity to embody the Gospel!



December 16, 2018
The 35th Caritas Sunday


+ Timothy Yu Gyoung-chon
Auxiliary Bishop of Seoul
President Caritas Committee of the CBCK





Message for Overseas Aid Sunday 2019


Share the Journey with Migrants and Refugees
and Build a Stronger Human Family


The number of migrants and refugees has been rapidly increasing. To help them, Pope Francis launched the Caritas ‘Share the Journey’ ca mpaign on September 27, 2017. Inaugurating this movement, Pope Francis reawakened the Church’s responsibility to share hope with migrants and refugees while at the same time protecting their human dignity and rights. He encouraged the faithful to take a lead in welcoming migrants and refugees, saying “the issue of migration is not simply one of numbers, but of persons... Let us not be afraid of sharing hope.”


We often hear via mass media about migrants and refugees whose numbers, according to the statistics, continue to rise. Towards them, however, the majority of people in our society tend to have an attitude of exclusivity and even hostility, failing to consider them as people in need of protection. In the midst of such an unwelcoming atmosphere, the Catholic Church in Korea strives to give a voice to migrants and refugees and defend their lawful rights.


Caritas Korea International is an official organization for overseas aid work, erected by the Catholic Church in Korea. In response to Pope Francis’ appeal, this organization has strenuously carried out the Catholic Church’s obligation to aid migrants and refugees whose population continues to rise around the globe. On the occasion of Overseas Aid Sunday in 2018, we asked Catholics in Korea to demonstrate their care and support for migrants and refugees in a special way. Thanks to the generosity of the faithful, the Catholic Church in Korea was able to execute aid projects such as the Livelihood Support, Child Education Support and Heath Support across fourteen countries in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Through these initiatives, the Church in Korea was able to accompany migrants and refugees on their journey of seeking peace and liberty at the risk of their lives.


If the lives of migrants and refugees are reduced to being mere statistics, their hope for liberty and peace gradually fades away. We are well aware of the fact that those in desperate situations cannot afford to wait.


Throughout 2018 the faithful of the Catholic Church in Korea joined the campaign, ‘Share the Journey’ through Caritas Korea International. Although no one knows when the journey shall end, we should recall the words of Jesus: “for human beings this is impossible, but for God all things are possible” (Mt 19,26). Believing in Christ’s promise, we pray for His blessings. This year, 2019, Caritas Korea International reiterates its appeal to the faithful of Korea to continue to ‘share the journey’with migrants and refugees.


January 27, 2019


+ Lucas Kim Woon-hoe
Bishop of Chunchon
President Caritas Korea International





The Church in Korea Welcomes


New Diocesan Bishop of Busan



On April 10, 2019, the Apostolic Nunciature in Korea announced that Pope Francis appointed the Most Rev. Joseph Son Sam-seok as Bishop of Busan, Korea. On August 18, 2018, he was appointed as Apostolic Administrator of the same Diocese, sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis.


The bishop-elect Joseph Son, born in Busan in 1955, ordained a priest on February 6, 1982. He was consecrated as Auxiliary Bishop and Titular Bishop of Fesseë on July 9, 2010. He served as a president of the CBCK Committee for Culture and the CBCK Biblical Committee. He is currently a president of the CBCK Committee for Evangelization & Mission.











Message for the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 2019


“Justice and only justice alone you shall pursue”(Dt 16,20)



Peace be with you!


The traditional period for the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity is from 18 to 25 January. During this time, Christians around the world pray together so as to become one in Christ, overcoming divisions and conflicts among them.


The preparatory work for this year’s Week of Prayer material was undertaken by a group of representatives of different Christian communities in Indonesia. With a population of 265 million, 86% of Indonesians are Muslim and 10% are Christian. Indonesia has over 17,000 islands, 1,340 different ethnic groups, and more than 740 local languages. Since the foundation of the nation in 1945, Indonesians have lived by the principle of gotong royong, which is to live life beyond diversity and in solidarity through collaboration.


However, economic growth, driven by competition, jeopardizes cooperation among Indonesians. Corruption infects politics and businesses with devastating effects on the environment. Keeping in mind God’s will that “they may all be one” (Jn 17,21), Christians in Indonesia unite to confront injustice; they, in the spirit of unity, extend the hand of solidarity to neighbouring religions.


In the Old Testament, the Israelites celebrated their own traditional feasts and festivals in search of justice. Likewise, Christians who are invited to the banquet in the Kingdom of God are called to overcome divisions and injustice and so to affirm justice in society. This is also the case for Korean Christians.



This year we are celebrating the centenary of the March 1st Independence Movement, also known as the Sam-il (3.1) Movement. This peaceful movement displayed the Korean people’s desire for national independence. At that time, our people, acting with great determination, took a step towards liberty by establishing the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. Such actions were protests against foreign intervention and violation of our national sovereignty. One hundred years later, once again we are called to pool our strength and act with one accord in the building of reconciliation and peace on the Korean Peninsula.


Justice involves offering to God what we are obliged to offer and sharing with our neighbor what they are in need of. Because our society is infected with distrust, indifference, inequality and injustice, unfortunately we often forget who our neighbor truly is. Distrust and indifference result from seventyyears of national division; inequality and injustice are the results of indiscriminate economic growth.


On this occasion of the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 2019, all Christians in this land ought to acknowledge injustice and division in our society, recognize our neighbors, and practice justice with and towards them. Furthermore, Christians on the Korean Peninsula are called to be bearers of reconciliation and unity. May the Lord grant us the courage, strength and wisdom to respond to this calling.


January 18, 2019


+ Hyginus Kim Hee-joong
Archbishop of Gwangju
President CBCK Committee for Promoting Christian Unity & Interreligious Dialogue





Message of World Day for Consecrated Life 2019 (Summary)




The Church celebrates the 23rd World Day of Consecrated Life on the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord on February 2, 2019. It is a day to remember and appreciate the religious life and those who live out the Gospel of Christ in all corners of the world, including consecrated men and women, members of secular institutes, hermits, consecrated virgins, and members of Societies of Apostolic Life. It is also a day when those who have been invited to this state of life meditate deeply on their calling.


The Dogmatic Constitution on the Church of the Second Vatican Council Lumen Gentium Chapter VI refers to religious: “The evangelical counsels of chastity dedicated to God, poverty and obedience are based upon the words and examples of the Lord. They were further commanded by the apostles and Fathers of the Church, as well as by the doctors and pastors of souls. The counsels are a divine gift, which the Church received from its Lord and which it always safeguards with the help of His grace.” Then the constitution states: “From the point of view of the divine and hierarchical structure of the Church, the religious state of life is not an intermediate state between the clerical and lay states. But, rather, the faithful of Christ are called by God from both these states of life so that they might enjoy this particular gift in the life of the Church and thus each in one’s own way, may be of some advantage to the salvific mission of the Church” (Lumen Gentium, n.43).


Sanctification cannot be said to be a virtue required only from religious. When one considers the expression ‘consecrated life’, the term ‘consecration’ cannot be attributed only to the religious as if it were their exclusive property. “Those already consecrated by Baptism and Confirmation... can receive particular consecrations. Those who receive the sacrament of Holy Orders are consecrated in Christ’s name ‘to feed the Church by the word and grace of God.’ For their part, ‘Christian spouses are fortified and, as it were, consecrated for the duties and dignity of their state by a special sacrament’”(Catechism of the Catholic Church, n.1535). Members of the Institutes of the Consecrated Life, when compared with others, make the decision to leave everything behind and follow Christ so as to play their part in making “visible the marvels wrought by God in the frail humanity of those who are called” (John Paul II, post-synodal apostolic exhortation Vita Consecrata, n.20).


In the geographical, cultural, historical, and religious contexts of the Churches in Asia, the life of the evangelical counsels, chastity, poverty and obedience, has much in common with evangelization based on a ‘threefold dialogue’: dialogue with the poor, dialogue with cultures, and dialogue with other religions. Accordingly, we have developed these initiatives: to go to the margins of the world; to share together the authentic joy of the Gospel; to visit our neighbours who are in need and isolated; to manifest the spirit of the beatitudes in these times when there is an increasing polarization between the rich and the poor; to demonstrate the value of community and solidarity in the face of isolating individualism; to discover universal values in other religions and dialogue with them. In addition, we should open ourselves and be led by the Holy Spirit.


Those called to the consecrated life can give testimony to the joy of the Gospel in this world when they become conformed to Christ. By witnessing in both word and deed, many people can choose this special way of following Christ, living a life based on evangelical values. Let us devote ourselves to the Trinity, Source of Love, so that all the members of the institutes of the consecrated life, through their lives, prayers and apostolic activities may become “a living memorial of Jesus’ way of living and acting as the Incarnate Word” and “a living tradition of the Saviour’s life and message” (Vita Consecrata, n.22).


+ Blasio Park Hyun-dong
Abbot of the Order of St. Benedict Waegwan Abbey Chairperson
Korean Conference of Major Superiors of Men’s Religious Institutes and Societies of Apostolic Life






Homily of the President of the CBCK (Summary)


Holy Mass for the Sixth Anniversary of the Pontificate of Pope Francis
(Seoul Cathedral, March 27, 2019)


+ Praised be Jesus!


We are celebrating this Holy Mass marking the sixth anniversary of Pope Francis’ election to the chair of Peter and the inauguration of his Pontificate. During this Eucharistic celebration, we give thanks to God who sent us Pope Francis as supreme pastor and prophet of our times.


I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Holy Father for sending us the Most Rev. Alfred Xuereb as Apostolic Nuncio in Korea, so that he may, through the Apostolic Nuncio, be committed to continuous communication between the universal Church and the Church in Korea. Let us pray that God abundantly bestow His comfort and wisdom on the Most Rev.Alfred Xuereb.


At the beginning of Lent, we received ashes on our foreheads and were invited to a life of true prayer, fasting and charity. Today’s reading and gospel at Mass remind us that we should reflect more deeply during Lent, the ‘season of conversion.’ In the book of Deuteronomy, Moses said: “Now, Israel, hear the statutes and decrees which I am teaching you to observe, that you may live, and may enter in and take possession of the land which the Lord, the God of your fathers, is giving you.” In order to realize the divine promise, Moses then declared: “However, take care and be earnestly on your guard not to forget the things which your own eyes have seen, nor let them slip from your memory as long as you live, but teach them to your children and to your children’s children.” In other words, through Moses God said that, when people attentively listen to and practice the statutes and decrees of the law, the people of Israel would enter the promised land of Canaan, and would make the other peoples remember them as a wise, intelligent and great nation.


In today’s Gospel, Jesus similarly affirmed: “Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets. I have come not to abolish but to fulfill. Amen, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or the smallest part of a letter will pass from the law, until all things have taken place.” What is the core of the statutes and decrees which Moses proposed to the people of Israel to practice? What is the heart of the law which Jesus came to fulfill? It is ‘love for God and love for neighbors.’ This encompasses the whole book of Deuteronomy and is also the fulfillment of the law mentioned in today’s Gospel.


The ad interim Director of the Holy See Press Office, Alessandro Gisotti, looks back at Pope Francis’ six years as the Successor of Peter, saying that “love, mercy and courage are the key words by which to understand this pontificate.” He also commented that, through his work, he has observed how Pope Francis interacts with the people he encounters. During the Pope’s Papal Visit to Panama for the World Youth Day, he witnessed people crying after encountering Pope Francis. He added that the Pope’s proximity, above all, to the poor, the ill and the weakest, is a true manifestation of the love and mercy of Jesus, and that the people he meets really feel it. The Pope’s lifestyle, testified to by the ad interim Director Gisotti, demonstrates the key to the statutes and decrees of the law that we heard about in today’s reading and gospel. The power of the Pope’s charity, his practice of love, his deep empathy for all individuals, all based on the love of the cross, presents us with the ultimate goals of the Christian life.


It has been well documented how, in 2013, when Pope Francis met with fifty-three-year-old Vinicio Riva, an Italian man suffering from neurofibromatosis, they had a deep encounter. Vinicio Riva testified that he experienced the presence of God in this meeting. When the Pope saw him among the many pilgrims waiting for the general audience in St. Peter’s Square, he approached him, tightly hugged him for a time, and in silence kissed and softly patted his wounds. Riva said: “He did not have any fear of my illness... He embraced me without speaking.... I felt the great warmth of love.” He added, “Being embraced by the Pope was like being in Heaven.” This was without doubt a manifestation of God’s love revealed through Pope Francis.


Pope Francis’ words and deeds, homilies, papal documents, including encyclicals, provide us with a compass for our lives. He enlightens us as to who and what should be our ultimate goals. With warmhearted and loving recommendations, he teaches us how we should live out our various vocations, as bread-earners, mothers, children, students, professors, politicians, environmental activists, religious, priests, or retired seniors.


God of love and mercy, we thank you for sending us Pope Francis to be our supreme pastor. He manifests love in the midst of our world where competition and indifference prevails. Grant him, we pray, the wisdom and strength to build up the kingdom of God in this world. Amen.


March 27, 2019


+ Hyginus Kim Hee-joong
Archbishop of Gwangju
President of the CBCK





Message on the Centenary of the March 1st Independence Movement


True Peace, Fulfillment of the Spirit of the March 1st Independence Movement


The Church celebrates the 23rd World Day of Consecrated Life on the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord on February 2, 2019. It is a day to remember and appreciate the religious life and those who live out the Gospel of Christ in all corners of the world, including consecrated men and women, members of secular institutes, hermits, consecrated virgins, and members of Societies of Apostolic Life. It is also a day when those who have been invited to this state of life meditate deeply on their calling.


The Dogmatic Constitution on the Church of the Second Vatican Council Lumen Gentium Chapter VI refers to religious: “The evangelical counsels of chastity dedicated to God, poverty and obedience are based upon the words and examples of the Lord. They were further commanded by the apostles and Fathers of the Church, as well as by the doctors and pastors of souls. The counsels are a divine gift, which the Church received from its Lord and which it always safeguards with the help of His grace.” Then the constitution states: “From the point of view of the divine and hierarchical structure of the Church, the religious state of life is not an intermediate state between the clerical and lay states. But, rather, the faithful of Christ are called by God from both these states of life so that they might enjoy this particular gift in the life of the Church and thus each in one’s own way, may be of some advantage to the salvific mission of the Church” (Lumen Gentium, n.43).


Sanctification cannot be said to be a virtue required only from religious. When one considers the expression ‘consecrated life’, the term ‘consecration’ cannot be attributed only to the religious as if it were their exclusive property. “Those already consecrated by Baptism and Confirmation... can receive particular consecrations. Those who receive the sacrament of Holy Orders are consecrated in Christ’s name ‘to feed the Church by the word and grace of God.’ For their part, ‘Christian spouses are fortified and, as it were, consecrated for the duties and dignity of their state by a special sacrament’”(Catechism of the Catholic Church, n.1535). Members of the Institutes of the Consecrated Life, when compared with others, make the decision to leave everything behind and follow Christ so as to play their part in making “visible the marvels wrought by God in the frail humanity of those who are called” (John Paul II, post-synodal apostolic exhortation Vita Consecrata, n.20).


In the geographical, cultural, historical, and religious contexts of the Churches in Asia, the life of the evangelical counsels, chastity, poverty and obedience, has much in common with evangelization based on a ‘threefold dialogue’: dialogue with the poor, dialogue with cultures, and dialogue with other religions. Accordingly, we have developed these initiatives: to go to the margins of the world; to share together the authentic joy of the Gospel; to visit our neighbours who are in need and isolated; to manifest the spirit of the beatitudes in these times when there is an increasing polarization between the rich and the poor; to demonstrate the value of community and solidarity in the face of isolating individualism; to discover universal values in other religions and dialogue with them. In addition, we should open ourselves and be led by the Holy Spirit.


Those called to the consecrated life can give testimony to the joy of the Gospel in this world when they become conformed to Christ. By witnessing in both word and deed, many people can choose this special way of following Christ, living a life based on evangelical values. Let us devote ourselves to the Trinity, Source of Love, so that all the members of the institutes of the consecrated life, through their lives, prayers and apostolic activities may become “a living memorial of Jesus’ way of living and acting as the Incarnate Word” and “a living tradition of the Saviour’s life and message” (Vita Consecrata, n.22).


March 1, 2019


+ Hyginus Kim Hee-joong
Archbishop of Gwangju
President of the CBCK





The Lives of 124 Blessed Martyrs of Korea


Augustine Jeong Yak-jong (1760-1801)



Augustine Jeong Yak-jong was born in 1760 in Majae, Gwangju, Gyeonggi-do (now, Neungnae-ri, Joan-myeon, Namyangju-si, Gyeonggi-do) into a renowned scholarly family. St. Cecilia Yu So-sa, who was martyred in 1839, was his second wife. Charles Jeong Cheol-sang, martyred in 1801, St. Paul Jeong Hasang, and St. Elizabeth Jeong Jeonghye, both martyred in 1839, were his children.


In 1786, two years after the Catholic Church had been introduced to Korea, Augustine Jeong came to know of the Catholic religion. He learned the catechism from his elder brother and received the Sacrament of Baptism after coming to a full understanding of Catholic doctrine. Augustine subsequently devoted himself to teaching the faith to his family.


Later he moved to Bunwon so as to practice his religion with more freedom. By that time his brothers had begun to gradually distance themselves from the Church, but he devoted himself to practicing the teachings of the Church with even greater ardour.


As time passed, Augustine Jeong became more ardent and committed. He was in frequent contact with the faithful in neighboring villages, and invited them to his house to teach them the catechism. He played an active role in church activities, his knowledge of Catholic doctrine continued to grow, and he lived as a good example for other Catholics.


When the Chinese priest, Father James Zhou Wen-mo, came to Korea at the end of 1794, Augustine Jeong often went to Seoul to meet him and received the Sacraments. He was very committed to helping Father James Zhou and the other faithful with church affairs. Based on his broad knowledge of the catechism he wrote two volumes of “Jugyo-yoji”, a Korean language Catechism. Meanwhile, Father James Zhou organized the ‘Myeongdohoe’, a community of lay believers, and appointed Augustine Jeong as its first chairperson.


In 1800, as persecution had started in the neighboring region, Augustine along with his family moved to Seoul. However, the following year, 1801, when the Shinyu Persecution broke out, the Catholic Church throughout Korea fell into danger.


On February 11, 1801, according to the Lunar calendar, he was arrested and taken to the Supreme Court. The following day, Augustine Jeong underwent severe interrogation and punishment. However, he was resolved from the beginning to die for God, so temptation and torture failed to break his resolve. During this time of suffering, he said nothing which might be harmful to the Church or the faithful, only attempting to explain the truth of Catholic doctrine.


“There is nothing wrong with worshipping the Lord, it is right and proper... God is ‘our Great King and the Great Father of heaven and earth.’ If we do not understand the reason why we must worship God, we are sinners under heaven, and though we are alive we are dead.”


Finally, the royal court approved the death sentence, which had been handed down by the Justice Ministry. As a result, just fifteen days after his arrest, Augustine Jeong was taken outside the Small West Gate in Seoul to be executed. As the cart was ready to take him to the execution ground, he stepped up onto it and said to the people gathered around him in a loud voice:


“Brothers and Sisters, do not laugh at us. We believe that it is natural for all people who are born in the world to die for God. On the day of the last judgment, our tears will change into pure bliss, and your merry laughter will turn into bitter pain.”


As soon as he reached the execution ground, the process of beheading began. Augustine Jeong surrendered his last breath into the hands of the Lord saying, “It is better to die looking up to the sky than to live looking down on the earth.” He was executed on April 8, 1801 (February 26, according to the Lunar calendar), at the age of forty-one.



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